Madeira, known as the island of Eternal Spring, is a Garden of Eden for plenty of kinds of animals. Thanks to the warm climate during the whole year, the plants are blossoming a few times which provides food resources to many herbivore species. On Madeira can be found 3 endemic bird species which means that they are living only in this area and nowhere else in the world.
Madeira Firecrest Regulus madeirensis
Small, plump and interestingly feathered bird. The breast and ventral areas are whitish-grey and the upper parts are green. Its tiny beak is black, the slender legs are brownish and the wings are striped black and yellow. The most distinguishing feature is an orange crest on the top of bird’s head encircled by black feathers. The call of Madeira Firecrest includes high-pitched fine vocalizations zuu zu-zi-zi, a distinctive shrill wheez and a whistled peep.
Trocaz pigeon Columba trocaz
Known also as a Madeira laurel pigeon because of being a resident of laurisilva forests, where it can find all of the needed food resources. The bird is mainly dark grey feathered with pink breast, red beak and toes. The stripped silvery patch can be observed on its neck-side and the white band on its tail during the flight. The trocaz pigeon’s voice is deeper than that of common wood pigeon and can be heard as uh-uh hrooh-hrooh ho-ho. because of the hunting, the bird’s amount had declined by 1986 to about 2,700 birds but after banning it there are now between 7,500 and 10,000 individuals in 160 square kilometeres.
Zino’s petrel Pterodroma madeira
is a small Madeiran seabird with a slim body. The species is regarded as one of the most endangered species in Europe with 65–80 breeding pairs and listed on the IUCN Red List. The other name for this species is Freia which means nun in English – that’s because the breeding colony of this bird is up on the mountains above Nun’s Valley. Also, their plumage with dark grey wings and back with white underparts and a white tail connote to the vests of the Nuns from Santa Clara Convent. Zino’s petrel feeds on small squid and fish.
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